The benefits of eating grapefruit baby more than two kinds of baby can eat grapefruit

Parents know that every day to give the baby to eat the right amount of fruit to supplement the baby vitamins, but parents may not know to eat fruit to pay attention to eat more seasonal fruits, grapefruit is now listed season, give the baby eat Point grapefruit it. What are the benefits of eating grapefruit?

Baby eat grapefruit benefits

1, thirst, laxative

In addition to nutrients, grapefruit’s medicinal value is quite high. Grapefruit taste a little acid, is a cold fruit, thirst quencher, Huatanzhike, bowel purge effect, can help treat baby constipation, chronic cough, asthma and phlegm. If the baby stool is very dry, you can eat grapefruit, laxative effect can be achieved.

2, the treatment of diabetes

Grapefruit contains potassium, so grapefruit is cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease patients, kidney disease patients ideal diet fruit, especially grapefruit contains insulin-like ingredients, but also the ideal food for diabetic patients, it is in the prevention of diabetes, but also help diabetes Patients with delayed complications, children with diabetes can eat grapefruit.

These two babies can eat grapefruit

1, cough baby eat grapefruit

If the baby usually cough often and sputum, then the mother can give children eat grapefruit, because citron has the effect of lungs and cough, can effectively help children relieve cough symptoms. Mother can peel grapefruit first, and then scallops, white fungus, honey into the pot to cook, and then give the children to eat. Grapefruit juice stewed sweet and fragrant, children will like it very much.

2, constipation children eat grapefruit

In the dry autumn and winter, get angry is the most annoying thing people, of course, children are no exception. Plus if you often eat often greasy food will make children constipation, so mum should often give children eat grapefruit. Grapefruit is a cold fruit, you can get rid of the child’s internal heat, stomach digestion, to help children digest food.

Baby eat grapefruit practice

1, grapefruit mango sago

Ingredients: grapefruit 1, mango 1, sago amount.

Approach: ① mango peeled to the nucleus, the flesh blender labeled mud, grapefruit split into silk.

② into the water under the sago boiling pot, spoon delay extension of a direction to prevent sticky paste pot, turn the fire simmer for 20 minutes, remove the sago visible appearance transparent, but there are larger white spots. Too cold water to be taken to drain at room temperature, spare.

③ re-cooked sago into the pot, add some formula.

④ After the warm mango mud and grapefruit meat added, stir well.

How to treat pediatric cold care care during treatment is very important

Cold is a common disease. Children have a cold more frequently. We need reasonable treatment after the child has a cold. At the same time, we must also make daily childcare work and promote the cure of the disease in many aspects.

Pediatric cold treatment

1, drug treatment:

(1) to cure: If it is a viral infection, you can take traditional Chinese medicine or secretory IgA nasal drops for treatment. For the latter treatment, taking 0.3-0.5mg / kg daily, 6-8 times, continuous drops 2-3 days can be; bacterial infections can take antibiotics such as penicillin for treatment. However, we must pay attention to avoid the abuse of antibiotics, such as the virus caused by cold without penicillin to treat. If there is still no sign of improvement after 2-3 days of antibiotic use, then it may be an infection of other pathogens.

(2) supportive therapy: children with high fever, cold head cooling can be used to relieve symptoms, which not only can play a cooling effect, but also can effectively avoid convulsions at high temperature; parents can give their children taking aspirin or acetaminophen antipyretics, However, care should be taken not to overdose, so as to avoid accidents such as collapse; cough medicine can not be used in large doses for the treatment of cough, especially infants.

2, local treatment: If there is laryngitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, then you can take compound boric acid solution (Duobai solution) or mouthwash to alleviate the symptoms with light salt water. If you have rhinitis, then try to ensure that patients sleep, in addition to eating or sleeping through nose drops to reduce nasal congestion, in order to maintain its breathing patency. Specifically, 4-6 times a day, each drop of 2-3 drops per nostril. It should be noted that the baby can not use oil-based nasal drops, because these drugs may be inhaled into the lower respiratory tract, causing lipid pneumonia.

3, the treatment of complications: the incidence of pediatric cold, according to the specific circumstances of children, take corresponding measures.

Pediatric cold care routine

1, pay attention to rest: during the illness must have adequate rest, in addition to do the eradication of disease and then do activities, to avoid recurrence.

2, a reasonable diet: try to choose easily digestible food (eg, liquid, soft food), and to be Eat small meals. Parents can prepare juices for their children to supplement the body’s vitamins. Children’s condition improved, you can gradually return to normal diet.

3, physical cooling: the first to use physical cooling method, followed by consumption of antipyretics. Common physical cooling head cooling, warm sponge bath and so on. Note that before using the physical cooling, indoor air circulation should be guaranteed, quiet.

(1) head cold: deposited with a wet towel in the baby’s head, it should be noted that should be replaced every 5-10min, in order to achieve the best cooling effect;

(2) warm sponge bath: the main body of children wipe, pay attention to the temperature should not be overheating. You can use a towel to wipe double axils and groin several times, in order to achieve the purpose of cooling.

(3) cold saline enema: 30-32 ℃ saline for enema, which not only can effectively reduce the temperature, but also can take convenient examination of the stool.

4, effective sweating: In a cold, children should drink plenty of water, so that not only can promote the body’s circulation, but also can promote perspiration, reduce body temperature.

5, suitable environment: quiet, comfortable environment, to ensure that children have a good sleep. To ensure the circulation of air, but can not blow the wind against children; children should choose loose clothes, easy to heat and perspiration. After taking anti-fever medicine, there may be a large number of sweating phenomenon, this time to change the clothes in time for the children.

6, observe the changes at any time: Parents should pay special attention to observe the signs of convulsions, so that prevention in advance. Convulsions can be prevented by taking “luminal”, but consult a physician before using it; if there is a herpes in the mouth and a skin rash on the skin, seek medical advice promptly.

Pediatric cold precautions

1, when the baby stuffy nose, when mothers can use saline drops into the baby’s nose, and then to achieve the purpose of diluting the nose to make it easier to clean. At the same time can also be a medical cotton swab or nasal suction device to stick out the nose within the child’s nose.

2, the baby’s head padded. When the baby sleeps, a pillow under the head of his head, can make the baby more comfortable.

3, the use of humidifiers. Use the humidifier to keep the baby’s room moist, damp air can relieve the baby stuffy nose.

4, when children with severe nasal congestion, you can consider the following drugs to ease. (If not improved, please bring your child to the hospital in time):

(1) children cough, phlegm situation: If this happens to the baby, mothers may wish to consider Qingfei Huatan particles, pediatric cough syrup, pediatric consumer anti-cough oral liquid or Bao Yin and other aspects of the drug.

(2) pediatric fever: in this case taking acetaminophen, ibuprofen or children fever stickers are a good choice, if coupled with the physical cooling method will be better.

(3) pediatric sore throat: you can take throat tablets, soothing the baby’s throat.

(4) infantile loss of appetite caused by the weakness of the spleen and stomach: Pediatric Qixing tea or infant spleen scattered (baby prime) are a good choice.

(5) infantile tonsillitis: Moms may wish to consider Pediatric Qixing tea, pediatric Pharyngeal Granules Tongue thick and pediatric Zhenzheng Dan and other aspects of the drug.

(6) runny nose in children: If it is because of the cold cold, Paul infant Dan is a good choice; if it is because of cold and wind, the choice of taurocapram and children Po Taikang better

How to diagnose pediatric meningitis commonly used six test methods

Pediatric meningitis is a disease that we should pay attention to. There are many abnormal phenomena after the children get sick. We must make prompt judgments and make reasonable tests to diagnose them.

Pediatric meningitis symptoms

1, just started with the symptoms of a cold, cough, stuffy nose, runny nose, often misdiagnosed. Then the disease will rapidly develop into a high fever, severe headache, nausea, frequent vomiting, vomiting and more spray-like appearance, which may also appear drowsiness, fatigue, neck stiffness, sensitivity to light, skin and mucous membrane petechia petechia these Phenomenon, this time the condition has been very serious. If convulsions, coma, shock and other phenomena, it has endanger the health of people.

2, in newborns and infants, not necessarily high fever, and sometimes there will be a low-grade fever. Also accompanied by sharp and continuous crying, unusual drowsiness, abnormal sensitivity, poor appetite, eyes stare and so on.

3, children with meningitis will have sinus infection, and there will be upper respiratory tract infection. Bacterial meningitis is a particularly serious condition that requires prompt treatment if there is no aggressive treatment. Otherwise, bacterial meningitis is not treated, it will be life-threatening.

4, Pediatric meningitis is relatively rare, in the United States, annual incidence of children with meningitis or even no more than three thousand patients, most children with meningitis are infants under the age of two. The symptoms of infantile meningitis are similar to those of a cold. Pediatric meningitis patients have symptoms of fever and headache, and can vomit.

5, children with meningitis if the treatment is not enough, then the child will certainly die within a few hours, do not die, then even cause permanent mental injury. And viral meningitis is even more serious disease, if aggressive treatment. Most of you can fully recover without sequelae.

6, due to different pathogens causing meningitis, their symptoms are also different. The main symptoms of meningitis are fever, vomiting, restlessness, headache, and malaise. This is a general symptom of a meningitis episode, which is most often seen in most children.

7, different age, the performance of meningitis is also different. For newborn babies, they still can not speak, the response ability is relatively poor. Usually manifested as not drinking milk, it is difficult to appease emotions, crying all day, irritability, and fever symptoms, but his body temperature did not rise significantly, there is little vomiting. If meningitis is more serious, listen to the concert pale or blushing, head back, no energy, the whole body such as sludge, and sometimes convulsions, frequent vomiting.

8, the skin feeling is allergic, easily irritated is the main feature of this period. Some children are shocked when they are touched by some voices or adults, and at the same time there is a possibility of being pulled out. 2-year-old children in disguise and adults is no different, there will be a significant increase in intracranial pressure, as well as headache and fever difficult to fever symptoms.

Pediatric meningitis

1, blood: acute peripheral leukocyte count increased significantly to neutrophils may appear immature cells.

2, cerebrospinal fluid: increased pressure, the appearance of turbidity, pus-like, white blood cell count at 1000 ~ 10000 / mm [3], a few cases higher, mainly neutrophils, accounting for more than 90% of the total white blood cells. Sometimes pus accumulation of lumps and smear and pathogen culture at this time were mostly positive. Occasionally wear the first normal waist, a few hours later became purulent review. Increased protein, up to 1.0g / L sugar content decreased, usually less than 2.2mmol / L, chloride content also decreased, immunoglobulin IgM and IgG were significantly higher.

3, bacterial antigen determination: commonly used methods are polymerase chain reaction, convective immuno-electrophoresis, latex agglutination test, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, radioimmunoassay and so on.

4, other selective examination: including blood, blood electrolytes, blood sugar, urea nitrogen, urine routine.

5, X-ray examination: chest X-ray of patients with purulent meningitis is particularly important, pneumonia lesions or abscesses can be found. Skull and sinus flat film can be found skull osteomyelitis, nasal sinusitis, mastoiditis, but more clear CT examination of the above lesions.

6, CT, MRI examination: early CT lesions or brain MRI examination can be normal. Neurological complications can be seen when the enlarged ventricles, sulci narrowing, brain swelling and brain abnormalities such as abnormal displacement. And may find ependymal inflammation, subdural effusion and limitations of brain abscess. Enhanced MRI scans are more sensitive to diagnosing meningitis than enhanced CT scans. MRI scans can show meningioma and cortical reaction. Take the appropriate technical conditions, can show venous occlusion and the corresponding part of the infarction.

Differential diagnosis of children with meningitis

1, purulent meningitis, the most confused of which is Haemophilus influenzae meningitis.

2, viral central nervous system infection is mainly viral encephalitis, viral meningoencephalitis and viral myelitis can be confused with the brain knot, which distributed viral encephalitis than the epidemic who need to be identified.

3, cryptococcal meningitis, its clinical manifestations, chronic disease course and changes in cerebrospinal fluid may resemble knot brain, but longer duration, may be accompanied by spontaneous remission. Chronic progressive high intracranial pressure symptoms more prominent, and other manifestations of meningitis are not equal. The disease is rare in small Germanium is easy to misdiagnosed as knot brain.

4, brain abscess Brain abscess in children with more history of otitis media or head trauma, sometimes secondary to sepsis. Often accompanied by congenital heart disease. Children with brain abscess in addition to meningitis and high intracranial pressure symptoms, there are often focal brain signs.

Why does the baby always hiccups? Hiccups try six methods

Although the baby hiccups are small things, hiccups will always make the baby feel uncomfortable. But many people do not know what causes the baby hiccups, and today we work together to understand.

Why is the baby burping?

1, improper care can cause baby burp

Due to improper care of parents, let the baby catch cold, thus inducing hiccups. If there is usually no other disease, but the baby will suddenly burp, and hiccups powerful and continuous, usually due to the cold caused. This time you can drink hot water to the baby, while keeping in mind the warmth of the chest and abdomen, to cover his warm cotton clothing, winter clothing can be put in a hot water bottle outside the heat, hiccups can sometimes be cured. If your baby has a longer period of hiccups or frequent seizures, you can also soak a small amount of orange peel in boiling water (orange peel has the effect of relieving asthma, dampness and temper) until it is suitable for drinking. Hiccups since.

2, diet abstemy will cause baby burp

Because there is no baby’s diet control, give your baby to eat too much milk, or eat too much cold milk, excessive use of cold drugs, will make the baby’s spleen and stomach function weakened, so that gas on the diaphragm, which led to hiccups. This time, parents can use the method of digestion hysteresis, such as the baby’s gentle massage of the chest and abdomen, let the gas belly down or drink hawthorn water purge (hawthorn acid, digestion and stomach, increase the secretion of digestive enzymes) Smooth gas flow, hiccups naturally stopped.

3, inhalation of air can cause baby burp

If the baby sucked into the air during feeding, or because the size of the nipple hole in the bottle is not appropriate, resulting in air through the nipple gap and into the baby body, or when the baby out of the external flu “cold drink”, which will induce the baby Hiccups.

Because the baby’s stomach is filled with air and the glottis is closed, the air can not be exhausted through the trachea, causing repeated vasoconstriction of the diaphragm (separating the chest and abdominal muscles), so the vocal cords give a hiccup .

So usually the mother feeding posture must be correct, the baby’s warm work should be perfect, so that it will not cause the baby burp.

Stop hiccups small coup

1, after feeding milk, you can hold your baby upright and gently tap the back to help your baby discharge the air from the stomach. Can also gently rub the baby’s abdomen to help exhaust. Or let the baby sit on the bed, pad a not too small pillow, and then put the baby’s hands behind the brain, you can quickly eliminate hiccups.

2, the baby picked up, with one hand’s fingertips in the baby’s mouth or ear gently itch, generally to the baby cries, hiccups will naturally disappear. Because the baby’s ear, the nerve is more sensitive to the mouth, itching can relax the nerve, hiccups also disappeared.

3, when the baby more than when the hiccups, first baby picked up gently pat a few back, fed a few mouthfuls of warm water, or eat a few mouthfuls of milk, you can stop hiccups.

4, with your index finger belly push the baby after the pillow under the hair to the seventh cervical spine bulge, straight push 10 to 20 can immediately stop belch.

5, the baby will be picked up to stimulate the baby soles, crying, abrupt termination of diaphragm contraction.

6, in the baby burp, available toys or soft music to transfer, to attract the baby’s attention, to reduce the frequency of hiccups.

Winter is the high incidence of pneumonia baoma they have special attention!

Cold weather, and now the baby once a cold, we are most afraid of pneumonia they have, and winter is the high incidence of pneumonia.

Pneumonia is a serious lung infection, symptoms and cold like, such as cough, shortness of breath / difficulty, fever, etc., and sometimes more easily overlooked.

There are several people to be especially careful:

First, 0-2-year-old baby. In China, pneumonia is the number one cause of death among children aged 0-2 years. Pneumonia is one of the four major prevention and treatment diseases in our country.

Second, the elderly over the age of 60, especially the frail elderly. Older immune dysfunction, easily violated by bacteria and viruses. The mortality rate of pneumonia in middle-aged and elderly people aged over 50 in our country is as high as 28.6%. The older, the higher the case fatality rate.

How to identify a cold or pneumonia?

Infection site: cold is upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia is lower respiratory tract infection.

Fever situation: If you have a cold when you have a fever, you will gradually ease over two days, seldom for more than 7 days. The most common manifestation of pneumonia is fever with unknown causes. If you have persistent high fever, be on guard.

Cough conditions: Compared to a cold cough, pneumonia patients cough more intense, frequent, and phlegm, and even purulent sputum.

Mental status: most of the children are still cold to eat and play, even if a little fever when fever, fever will quickly recover after the spirit. Pneumonia is different, the state of mind is particularly apathetic, even if fever can not lift the spirit.

In short, if the symptoms of a cold, cold medicine and take a rest after taking a long time did not get better, and even further development of aggravated body temperature continued to retreat, cough, severe purulent sputum, chills and other phenomena, to be alert to the possibility of pneumonia, to Timely to the hospital. The earlier the drug is used, the faster the disease is controlled, the higher the success rate of treatment, and the lower the mortality rate.

How to care for our lungs?

1, flu treatment

Flu may induce viral pneumonia, so the cold must be treated in time, rest, cough worse must seek medical attention.

2, pollution days reduce outdoor activities

Gale, haze and other air turbidity, as little as possible to go out, the haze in the hydride, sulfide, dust, car exhaust, smoke and other factories around the mine is very harmful to the respiratory tract, even if you go out should also wear a mask.

3, vaccination of pneumonia

Needless to say, babies need vaccination. There is also a 23-valent pneumococcal vaccine targeted at people over the age of 60 and people at risk of 2-59. The effective protection rate can reach 85% and the protection period is 5 years. It should also be vaccinated every year influenza vaccine, which is the only effective way to prevent influenza can be, especially in poor health, immune dysfunction, diabetes, coronary heart disease, chronic respiratory diseases, belong to high-risk groups, vaccination is necessary.

4, take the initiative to cough Qingfei

Often open the window ventilation, daily morning and evening can choose fresh air at the initiative to cough to remove respiratory and lung harmful substances.