The emergence of pediatric gastroenteritis, so that many parents will be particularly worried that after the child has such a situation, we must make reasonable treatment according to the child’s condition, at the same time, daily life care and diet are particularly crucial.
Pediatric gastroenteritis treatment
1, pay attention to rehydration, to avoid dehydration: pay attention to the phenomenon of dehydration: whether children have reduced urine (baby diapers reduce the number), dry tears without tears, dry skin elasticity, infants before the fontanelle depression and so on. Whether or not to receive intravenous injection, can buy diarrhea dedicated electrolyte water to the children when boiling water to drink. Intravenous injection is essential when the level of child awareness drops or dehydration is severe. But oral rehydration therapy is still a good way to rehydration. Drinks rich in monosaccharides, such as soft drinks, fruit juices, are not recommended for children under 5 years of age as they may aggravate diarrhea. If there is no special effect of oral rehydration agent or poor taste, boiled water is also available. If indications can also be used in children with nasogastric tube to supplement the fluid.
2, pay attention to diet, continue breastfeeding: Breastfeeding infants recommended to continue the usual feeding method. Formula-fed infants continue formula feeding immediately after ORT replacement. First try to brew half milk (that is, dilute the concentration of half) look. If diarrhea does not improve within 3-7 days, you may need to change lactose-free milk powder (a commercially available diarrhea milk powder) under the direction of a physician.
3, antiemetics: antiemetic drugs may help treat children with vomiting, but be sure to follow the doctor’s advice. Ondansetron has some practical, single use can reduce the need for intravenous fluids, hospitalization and vomiting. However, the use of angostan may be associated with increased odds of hospital admission again. If clinically needed, ondansetron intravenous fluids can also be taken orally. Metoclopramide may be effective.
4, antibiotics: Antibiotics are not usually used for gastroenteritis, but if the symptoms are particularly severe or when a suspicious bacterium is found that suspects a bacterial infection, it is recommended. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends antibiotics for children with bloody stools and fever.
5, antidiarrheal drugs: children can not use antidiarrheal drugs – may be dangerous. There is a theoretical risk of complications from antidiarrheal medications, though clinical experience suggests this is unlikely and is not recommended for use in blood in the stool or diarrhea with fever. Loperamide is an opiate analogue commonly used in symptomatic treatment of diarrhea. However, loperamide is not suitable for use in children because the drug may cross the child’s immature blood-brain barrier causing poisoning. Pediatric gastroenteritis is much more complex than adult gastroenteritis and must be seen by a physician.
Pediatric gastroenteritis precautions
1, is to keep the abdomen warm. When the temperature is reduced, the baby is very easy to diarrhea, intestinal peristalsis in the diarrhea was originally faster, then if the abdomen is cold, the peristalsis will be faster, so diarrhea will increase. At this point, parents should be appropriate to the child’s abdomen warming, with hot water bottle, warm baby and the like, to help children rub the stomach to relieve pain.
2, daily necessities to be disinfected, because the baby is still small, had all aspects of constitution, immunity are weak, the skin is tender, it is easy to infection. So that children used to be promptly cleaned and disinfected. Avoid cross infection. Baby toys should also be frequently cleaned and disinfected. For babies to eat, drink water with the spoon, bottle and tableware is the most important, each must be cleaned and disinfected. It is best to cook with boiling water before each use.
3, to keep the anus clean, every time after the baby stools should be cleaned with warm water, to avoid re-infection of the intestine.
4, for parents with children, pay more attention to children’s diapers, this is the most vulnerable to infection, if the child in the diapers on the shit or pee, to be replaced in time, and clean the baby’s buttocks with warm water;
5, reasonable eating. Do not eat when the child is not feeling well, wait for the child to get better, have an appetite when you can encourage them to eat because the child has gastroenteritis, and eat something to spit, so he does not eat, anorexia begins. Encourage children to eat, be sure to small meals, slowly adjust the child’s appetite and eating habits, when the child once again vomiting frequently fasting, and to the hospital to check to prevent dehydration of children.
Pediatric gastroenteritis diet
1, diet time
A few hours after the stomach symptoms begin to subside, you can begin to nourish the sick child. Porridge is easy to digest the best food. But do not drink tea, coffee and lemon juice, orange juice and other acidic drinks, so as not to stimulate the gastrointestinal, causing vomiting again.
Most gastroenteritis can be gradually cured within three days; vomiting, diarrhea and other symptoms disappear, the patient can eat more diverse foods, but still can not eat irritating things.
2, the diet mainly to light
Physicians generally advise sick children that fasting conditions may be fasting, depending on the situation, and suggest that the sick child should not be dehydrated for 6 to 8 hours or even longer (preferably under the condition of simultaneous intravenous drip) Vomiting, bloating, abdominal pain situation, you can try to eat.
Generally eat first relatively light liquid, semi-liquid, such as rice soup, porridge, fresh fruit juice, and gradually increase the number of protein foods, but avoid greasy, fried foods, and should start eating should be a small amount, and other gastrointestinal function recovery before they start Normal diet, and pay attention to rest. First treatment do not eggs, milk and other high-protein high-fat foods, so as not to aggravate the burden of gastrointestinal. The fruit section suggests eating apples to help ease diarrhea symptoms.
3, therapeutic side
Garlic porridge: Take garlic 30 grams, peeled and chopped at the end of 100 grams of rice, add water 1000 ml, boiled porridge, morning and evening warm clothes.
Portulaca porridge: 90 grams of fresh purslane, or dry 30 grams, plus 100 grams of rice porridge, morning and evening.
③ yam lotus seed japonica rice porridge: 30 grams of yam, lotus seeds 20 grams, 100 grams of porridge rice porridge, morning and evening, spleen and stomach and diarrhea effect.
4, acute gastroenteritis children reference diet
Acute gastroenteritis children’s diet breakfast: millet soup, thin lotus root meal: almond cream, steamed custard, white rice porridge, floss, Fat cake meal: lotus root starch, skim milk, steamed custard, cake.
Dinner: lotus root starch.
Acute gastroenteritis Children’s diet Lunch: Steamed fish, mashed potatoes, lotus porridge, steamed bread meal: almond cream, meatballs melon dinner: skim milk, rotten rice porridge, steamed custard.
Add meal: lotus root starch, tomato egg facets.
Acute gastroenteritis children’s diet dinner: white rice paste meal: almond cream, egg dragon face, vegetarian braised tofu, fried carrot silk meal: skim milk, millet gruel, bread, steamed Wuchang fish, fried zucchini .
Dinner: almond cream.
5, diet principle
Pay attention to regular quantitative: Do not eat too much, eat three meals a day should be on time, and should not eat too full. A small amount of dinner between meals, but not too much, so as not to affect the dinner.
Focus on soft, rotten, digestion: edible staple food should be thoroughly cooked, cooked to make it rotten, easy to digest and absorb, eat less coarse and coarse fiber food, require food to be Seiko secret agents, rich in nutrition.
Keep fresh, light: all kinds of food should be fresh, should not be stored for too long. Eat light and less oil meal. Light meals are easy to digest and absorb, but also conducive to the rehabilitation of stomach.
Pay attention to cooking methods: cooking methods should be used for steamed, boiled, braised, stewed, braised, boil. Should not use fried, fried, smoked, roasted and other cooking methods, because the dishes processed with these methods is not easy to digest.