全球约有44亿幽门螺杆菌感染者。 According to the Chinese medical association of helicobacter pylori group, the national epidemiological survey of gastric helicobacter pylori infection rate was 59% in our country, that is to say, China has about 700 million people are infected with h. pylori.
delta figure since visual China
long-term & other; Nail house & throughout; Worldwide, the high rate of
Helicobacter Pylori (Helicobacter Pylori, HP), is rooted in the only bacteria in human gastric mucosa. Genetics studies show that humans carry helicobacter pylori has been more than 10 in ten thousand, the time span is the limit of the current detection means can achieve.
helicobacter pylori to growing environment requirement is very strict, is it the only host and the source of infection. It usual & other; Migration & throughout; Way is usually through saliva, droplet & other; Mouth – mouth & throughout; Transmission, such as common chopsticks, unclean food and food are easy to cause cross infection of helicobacter pylori, which is why it is easy to appear & other; A person suffering from stomach trouble throughout all infection &; The phenomenon; It also will occasionally & other; Dung — the mouth & throughout; Way of communication: through attached to the water and food, it can go further, into more people’s stomach.
more should pay attention, helicobacter pylori & other than adults Prefer & throughout; Young children. Helicobacter pylori infection in children in our country, people under the age of 10 40% ~ 60%, and by 3% ~ 10% a year has increased dramatically; And more than 10 patients, slow to 0.5% ~ 1% increase every year.
70% no symptoms, most people don’t need to treat
700 million people are infected with h. pylori, the number sounds scary, isn’t that the 700 million people all need treatment?
helicobacter pylori infection in general will not be too many symptoms, most people are passing a medical. Helicobacter pylori infection of the incubation period for a week or so, about 70% of the cases of people infected with hidden after the performance, no systemic symptom, also won’t cause other disease of the stomach. So, this part of people without treatment.
10% of the people may be indigestion, often characterized by abdominal distension, abdominal dull pain, nausea, belching, bad breath, general malaise, etc; Will be shown after the 10% ~ 20% of human infection with inflammation and peptic ulcers. These people need to go to the hospital, under the guidance of doctors treatment, oneself buy medicine is not recommended.
helicobacter pylori is a class of carcinogens in the gastric cancer
in 1994, h. pylori has carcinogenic listed by the international agency for research on cancer, 78% of gastric cancer due to chronic helicobacter pylori infection.
in addition, the data showed that more than 90% of chronic gastritis is caused by a bacterium called helicobacter pylori, it can lead to chronic gastritis cured, recurrent; Second, can cause peptic ulcer (two), gastric and duodenal ulcer. Infected with h. pylori, ulcer surface increases gradually, make the ulcer disease more and more serious, increase the difficulty of the treatment. In addition, h. pylori infection can also lead to stubborn sex halitosis, it’s hard to remove bad breath, unless eradicate helicobacter pylori, bad breath will disappear.
for certain people, radical treatment is important
not all patients require helicobacter pylori detection and eradication, whether treatment of patients with a need to further benefit/risk assessment, individualized treatment. & have spent
however, found that h. pylori positive, the following problems of the patients at the same time, it is strongly recommended that to normal hospital, treatment with specification:
peptic ulcer, gastric mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, gastritis with dyspepsia symptoms, chronic gastritis with gastric mucosa atrophy, erosion, early gastric tumor has endoscopic resection or the total resection, long-term use of proton pump inhibitors, family history of gastric cancer, plans to take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for a long time, unexplained iron-deficiency anemia, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and other related h. pylori infection diseases.
these people timely treatment is benefit is greater than the risk, other people are not too nervous.
how to prevent infection?
to prevent recurrence of infection, and the fundamental way is to improve the whole social life and health conditions, but it is a long process. People can do at present, mainly there are a few points:
1) tableware disinfection, the dinning can prevent: family members of people infected with h. pylori, must the dinning, tableware disinfection regularly.
2. Do not eat raw or too hot food, especially hot pot, barbecue, and alcohol and spicy food, they can stimulate the gastric mucosa, decrease the resistance, so as to create conditions for the invasion of helicobacter pylori.
3. Timely hand washing, clean mouth: before the rice then empress to wash hands, avoid the spread of h. pylori.